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Health & Fitness

What can happen if you have Glaucoma?

What is glaucoma referred to as?

There are several different types of glaucoma, all of which affect the optic nerve. Optic nerve damage is the most prevalent type of damage that results in vision loss. The majority of the time, fluid gathers in the front of the eye. The optic nerve is damaged by the increased pressure caused by the extra fluid in the eye. Intraocular pressure (IOP), or eye pressure, is the name given to this pressure.

Glaucoma can occur in adults with normal eye pressure. Blindness can be a result of glaucoma if it is not treated or controlled.

How can glaucoma affect everyday life?

Patients with glaucoma may not be able to read, walk, or drive as well as they used to. How patients lose their vision affects how they rate their lives. If the loss comes quickly, they rate their quality as lifeless. Reaching out for medical help for vision loss treatment as soon as possible will help avoid difficulties.

What does glaucoma feel like?

Both types of glaucoma have different signs they tend to cause.

Open glaucoma:

Symptoms appear gradually and may not be noticed until later.

They include:

  • Peripheral vision loss occurs over time, usually in both eyes.
  • Tunnel like vision

Closed glaucoma:

The symptoms of acute glaucoma start right away, and they include:

  • Severe eye pain 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Seeing halo-like glows around lights 
  • Red eyes
  • Blurred vision

What causes glaucoma?

  • Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve, which causes it to become weak. Blind patches emerge in your eyesight when this nerve diminishes. 
  • It usually occurs as a result of increasing eye pressure.
  • There is too much fluid (aqueous humor) in your eye, which causes eye pressure to rise. This fluid flows through your eye and is what causes eye pressure to rise. 
  • A piece of tissue called the trabecular meshwork is where the eye’s iris and cornea meet. 
  • This meshwork lets this internal fluid flow out. It happens when there’s too much fluid in the body, or the drainage system doesn’t work right. When this happens, the fluid can’t flow out at its standard rate, and the pressure in the eye increases.

Glaucoma is more likely to be passed down from generation to generation. Scientists have discovered genes in some people that are connected to excessive eye pressure and optic nerve injury. Reach out to a top eye doctor in Coimbatore to undergo effective glaucoma treatment.

Who is at risk of glaucoma?

When you have chronic forms of glaucoma, you may lose your vision before you see any signs or symptoms. Be aware of these risk factors:

  • Having a lot of pressure inside your eyes (intraocular pressure)
  • Being over 60 years old
  • Having a history of glaucoma in your family is a good thing.
  • Having corneas that aren’t thick in the middle
  • Being very close- or far-sighted is very bad.
  • A person who has had an eye injury or has had certain types of eye surgery.
  • Eyedrops, for a long time, can make your eyes very dry.

Can glaucoma be stopped?

Glaucoma damage is irreversible; it can’t be fixed. That isn’t true, though. Medicine and surgery can help to stop more damage. For eye pressure treatment, your ophthalmologist may use one or more of the following.

Glaucoma surgery options include:

There are two main types of laser eye surgery for glaucoma that can help people; they are proven to work effectively. They aid in the drainage of water from the eye. These procedures are usually done at the eye doctor’s office or an outpatient surgery centre.

Trabeculoplasty: 

There are people who have open-angle glaucoma who need this surgery. It can be used instead of or in conjunction with medicines. Make the drainage angle operate better by using a laser. There is less pressure on the eyes because fluid flows out properly, and there is less fluid in the eyes.

Iridotomy:

This can help people with angle-closure glaucoma use their glasses better. Then, they can see things better. Use a laser to make small holes in the eye. To help water flow to the drainage angle, this hole in the floor is there. Consult a Glaucoma Specialist In Coimbatore in case you are looking for glaucoma treatment.

Drainage tubes: 

During the surgery, your doctor inserts a thin tube known as a shunt into your eye to drain excess fluid and reduce your eye pressure. 

Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery: 

If the pressure in the eye is high, your doctor can recommend a procedure called MIGS to make it less. 

They are often done at the same time as cataract surgery. There are many ways to do MIGS, and your doctor will talk to you about which procedure might be best for you. 

What is expected if you have glaucoma?

It is preferable to begin open angle glaucoma treatment as soon as possible to increase your chances of saving your sight. If you have glaucoma and it is caught early, blindness is a very rare side effect. Glaucoma is a long-term disorder that usually results in some visual loss over time. 

Treatments can slow down the progress of disease and vision loss. If you’re at risk for glaucoma, you need to get your eyes checked every few months.

Is there a cure for glaucoma?

Open-angle glaucoma, which is the most common type, causes eye pressure to rise. People who have glaucoma often don’t show any symptoms, which is why 50% of them don’t know they have it. If it’s caught early, you can keep your vision and avoid losing it. Reach out to a Multispeciality Hospital In Coimbatore for advanced glaucoma treatment.

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